1st, they are so much fun to drive. Acceleration is much faster to insane compared the conventional car due to no gears and high-torque electric motors. The regenerative braking means that 95% of the time, you are only using one foot to drive the car. You rarely need to touch the brake pedal. This is of benefit driving the car anywhere, but especially if you are going along a winding road with constant acceleration and deceleration. Purchase options include front or rear wheel drive, or 4×4 for enhanced performance. Electric car battery packs are usually positioned in the floor construction, giving the car an incredibly low centre of gravity and very little body roll when cornering.
Electric cars are silent, in fact so silent that when crawling along in traffic with little tyre noise, it is possible to hear the birds tweeting outside the car (unless of course, local regulations require your car to have a noise generator). The electric car is one of those inventions that you can never go back on. Once you make the change, the noise of the conventional combustion engine will sound like a clanging tractor engine.
In comparison to an electric car, the traditional combustion engine car has hundreds, if not thousands of moving parts which are constantly vulnerable to failure. There are pistons, crankshafts, oil filters, fans, distributors, valves, coils, cylinders. These all then transmit the power through clutches, gears, driveshafts and differentials to turn the wheels. The engine must perform constant explosions to precise timing. The exhaust system then had to deal with the waste emissions.
Traditional cars are generally considered to be around 10 to 20% efficient in converting gasoline into propulsion. 70% of the energy is lost as heat.
The typical fully electric car only has a dozen or so moving parts. The battery pack provides instant power to the motor(s) giving at least 60% efficiency. Some energy is wasted as heat loss but equivalent to over 100 mpg is easily achievable.
After purchasing the electric car, there are no oil changes or tuneups.
Charging the car may seem like an inconvenience, but, with the increased range now available, it may only be necessary to charge some cars once a week. The few seconds that it takes the plug in an electric car at your home or workplace is significantly more convenient than the 10 or 15 minutes it might take to go out of the way and visit a petrol station. Rapid supercharging is also available, predominantly along motorway networks for longer journeys. These can deliver 120 kW or more to your car battery. By the time you have popped into the service station to use the toilet or grab some lunch, your car is already fully charged in maybe 30-40 minutes, or at least you have sufficient range to reach your next destination without waiting for the full charge perhaps within just 20 minutes. Overnight charging at home or throughout the day at the workplace is usually most convenient.
Financial Benefits of the Electric Car
Electric car grants are often available from government to help with the initial purchase. This does help to offset the fact that electric cars are slightly more expensive than the conventional combustion engine car. There are then choose benefits from the reduced running costs, as below:-
- Cost per mile can be as little as 4p
- Some manufacturers offer free supercharging for some models – Tesla also offer a referral scheme which awards free supercharge miles.
- £0 vehicle excise duty
- Benefit in kind (BIK) is a massive benefit for higher earners opting for an electric company car. BIK dropping from around 16% 2019 to just 2% 2020 in the UK for electric cars. This can allow the owner an additional £8000 earning before being pushed into a higher income tax band.
- Electricity is charged at 5% VAT for the domestic supply. UK fuel duty is currently 57.95 pence per litre for petrol and diesel (2019 UK Budget).
- A typical 80kw electric car battery giving a range of 300 miles costs in the region of £12 to charge at home.
- Enhanced capital allowance enables 100% of the car purchase to be written off against company profits in the same year of car purchase.